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All About Bootstrap

Arpatech Nov 13, 2021

An outstanding front-end design takes a great deal of multi-functioning properties, easy navigation, and some captivating visuals that enhance the aesthetic game. Building a perfect front-end design that incorporates these fundamental properties is an achievement for every front-end developer.

These properties may appear easy but their execution takes a lot of time, hard work, dedication, and continuous struggle of writing codes. To put an end to this hassle, a genius team of developers came up with a framework that helped ease off the burden in the front-end community. This framework is referred to as Bootstrap.

What is Bootstrap? Why do we use it?

Bootstrap was developed by Mark Otto and Jacob Thomas from Twitter. Initially, it was created for internal use only but later on the founders decided to release it as an open-source product. Then, it served its purpose as the means to develop user interfaces present at all sorts of complexity.

Bootstrap is a CSS framework to create responsive and mobile-first websites. The user range of bootstrap frameworks is quite wide, from independent developers to full-fledged companies, all use bootstrap frameworks. However, the main part of its application is the front-end companies. Ever since its launch, it has been the most famous framework ever developed for front-end developers.

It consists of CSS and HTML-oriented designs for buttons, tables, navigations, typography, forms, image carousels, modals. Moreover, JavaScript plugins are at times also included. The best part about Bootstrap is the liberty it gives its users to develop responsive designs. The designs can ultimately fine-tune to enhance the look of every small and big gadget.

How is does bootstrap help?

Now, let’s talk about the latest Bootstrap 5 and how it helps web developers.

Bootstrap 5 alpha

Bootstrap 5 alpha-1 was launched on June 16, 2020. It took a lot of time to enrich the framework with months of long processes. The official release, however, was at the beginning of May. There have been some major developments that make Bootstrap 5 alpha a treat for the front-end developers. The development team has verified that the latest version of Bootstrap 5 is in the Beta version.

What is the difference between Bootstrap 4 and Bootstrap 5?

1.  Jquery

Bootstrap 4 version coordinates well with Jquery and supports all of its plugins. While, in Bootstrap 5, JQuery has been eliminated and the version has switched to vanilla JS which has fewer functional plugins.

2. Card Decks

In Bootstrap 4, the card decks are employed to develop cards of the same height and width. However, in Bootstrap 5, the card deck class has been taken off.

3.  Internet Explorer

Bootstrap 4 facilitates Internet Explorer 10 and 11. As for the New Bootstrap 5, Internet Explorer 10 and 11 are not supported.

4.   SVG Icon Library

Bootstrap v4 does not have an SVG icon library of its own. While Bootstrap v5 consists of Custom SVG Icons Library.

5.   Gutter Width Unit

Bootstrap v4 uses the font size ‘px’ with ‘.gutter’. As for Bootstrap v5, the font size ‘rem’ is used with “.g*”

6.   Navbar Optimization

Bootstrap 4 contains an inline-block feature and has a white color drop-down set as default for the dropdown-menu-dark class. Whereas, Bootstrap 5 has inline-block property removed and has a black dropdown set as the default in the drop-down menu dark class.

7.    Jumbotron

Bootstrap 4 supports Jumbotron whereas, Bootstrap 5 doesn’t support that.

8.   Utility modification

Utilities can be modified in Bootstrap 4. For Bootstrap 5, the user has a choice to modify and develop their own utility. The user can also use Sass to create the utilities and can also use the utility API of Bootstrap.

9.   Bootstrap Icons

Bootstrap 4 does not contain its own SVG icons and the user has to use a font. While Bootstrap 5 has its own SVG icons.

10.  Grid

Bootstrap 4 grid has 5 tiers such as xs, sm, md, lg, and xl. However, the Bootstrap 5 grid has 6 tiers such as xs, sm, md, ld, xl, and xxl.

11.   Color Options

Bootstrap 4 does not have a wide range of colors; the options are quite restricted. For Bootstrap 5 there are extra colors with variations such as $blue-100, $blue-100 to $blue-900. The variations help enhance the look of the app by staying on the same page. The user can also change the color palette with his or her own choice with the help of a color shades generator.

Bottom Line

There are various reasons people choose Bootstrap 4 or Bootstrap 5. However, we suggest that if you are using React or Vue.js and you are confused as to which Bootstrap you should be opting for, go for Bootstrap 5 and get rid of the jQuery dependency. With an outstanding color palette, RTL, and grid system, Bootstrap 5 can be your best choice.

Web agencies and web developers prefer Bootstrap for it is the most responsive CSS framework and it gives them a variety of themes and libraries. You can choose your preferable version by evaluating your requirements.

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